Sunday 13 December 2015

Tolkien Transactions LXIV

November 2015

All the usual disclaimers apply about newness, completeness and relevance (or any other implication of responsibility) :-)

These transactions are posted on my blog, Parma-kenta (Enquiry into the books) and on the Tolkien Society web-site.

This month it has suited my purposes to sort the contents under the following headlines:
1: News
2: Events
3: Essays and Scholarship
4: Commentary
5: Reviews and Book News
6: Interviews
7: Tolkienian Artwork
8: Other Stuff
9: Rewarding Discussions
10: Web Sites
11: The Blog Roll
12: Sources
by Jenny Dolfen
Available this month in high resolution at for Jenny's patreons.


Daniel Helen, The Tolkien Society, Tuesday, 3 November 2015, ‘Collection of Tolkien family letters and photographs on sale
For a collector with a quarter of a million pounds to spare ...

The Independent, Saturday, 7 November 2015, ‘At Dixie Forum, Dr. Bradford Lee Eden discusses J. R. R. Tolkien
Quoting from this article, “During his Dixie Forum presentation, Eden will not only discuss Tolkien in relation to The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings but will also look at Tolkien’s work as a medievalist and philologist and examine his theory of sub-creation. Additionally, Eden will talk about the concept of music throughout Tolkien's writings.”

Shaun Gunner, The Tolkien Society, Monday, 16 November 2015, ‘The Hobbit is one of the most expensive first editions
With The Hobbit coming in third and The Lord of the Rings coming in sixth. And these are, presumably, not even special first editions ...

Alexandru Micu, ZME Science, Friday, 20 November 2015, ‘Cave dwelling arachnid named after Tolkien's character
On the naming of a new species of harvestman found in a cave in Brazil, Iandumoema Smeagol.
See also David Bratman, The Tolkien Society, Monday, 23 November 2015, ‘seeking rapport with Colbert
Stephen Colbert, host on The Late Show, criticised the naming of the harvestman, showing the limits of his Tolkien knowledge in the process. David Bratman is careful to point out where Mr Colbert is wrong.


Reports from past events
10 - 13 September 2015, St Antony's College, Oxford, ‘ Oxonmoot 2015’, The Tolkien Society
Daniel Helen, The Tolkien Society, Sunday, 8 November 2015, ‘Oxonmoot 2015 in Videos

29 October 2015, Weston Library, Oxford, ‘Tolkien's Legacy
Daniel Helen, The Tolkien Society, Wednesday, 11 November 2015, ‘Video of “The Lord of the Rings: Tolkien's Legacy” event released

6-8 November 2015, Maritim Hotel, Bonn, Germany, ‘RingCon 2015’, RingCon
Incidentally, it seems that there will be no RingCon in 2016.
Jenny Dolfen, Monday, 9 November 2015, ‘Ring*Con 2015

14 November 2015, University of Leicester, ‘60 Years of The Lord of the Rings, and Panel Discussion: ‘What's the Point of Fantasy Fiction?’

Info on upcoming events (as of 1 December)
5 December 2015, Birmingham, ‘Yulemoot 2015, The Tolkien Society
Shaun Gunner, The Tolkien Society, Tuesday, 6 October 2015, ‘Join the Tolkien Society for Yulemoot 2015 – 5th December in Birmingham

by Jenny Dolfen
3 January 2016, International, ‘Tolkien Birthday Toast 2016’, The Tolkien Society – save the date!!

8-10 January 2016, Madingley Hall, Cambridge, ‘Tolkien's amazing world: understanding Middle-earth and how it came to be’, University of Cambridge, Institute of Continuing Education
Daniel Helen, The Tolkien Society, Monday, 9 November 2015, ‘Cambridge Institute of Continuing Education running Tolkien course this January

5 March 2016, Pembroke College, Cambridge, UK, ‘Minas Tirith Smial Annual Dinner’, Minas Tirith, the Cambridge Tolkien Society

21 - 25 March 2016, Seattle, WA, USA, ‘PCA/ACA National Conference, PCA/ACA

24 March 2016, Oslo, Norway, ‘ArtheCon 2016’, Arthedain

25 March 2016, Worldwide, ‘Tolkien Reading Day, The Tolkien Society

8–9 April 2016, University of Vermont, USA, ‘Tolkien in Vermont 2016’, Tolkien Club of University of Vermont
Anna Smol, Monday, 19 October 2015, ‘CFP: Tolkien in Vermont 2016

28 May 2016, East Yorkshire, ‘Tolkien Tour: East Yorkshire’, The Tolkien Society

17 - 19 June 2016, Leiden | Den Haag, ‘Lustrum 2016: Unlocking Tolkien, Unquendor – The Dutch Tolkien Society

18-20 July 2016, University of Bamberg, Bavaria, Germany, ‘International Conference on Medievalism – 2016: Tradition or Myth’, International Society for the Study of Medievalism &ndash: I am not sure if there will be anything specifically Tolkienian at this conference, but looking at the theme of the 2016 conference, I would very much expect that Tolkien will be mentioned ... more than once.

September? 2016, Oxford, ‘Oxonmoot 2016’, The Tolkien Society — an Oxonmoot will be held ...

Essays and Scholarship

Jyrki Korpua, Tuesday, 3 November 2015, ‘Constructive Mythopoetics in J. R. R. Tolkien's Legendarium
A doctoral dissertation from the University of Oulo, which “discusses constructive mythopoetics in J. R. R. Tolkien’s legendarium, the mythopoetic logics and elements on which Tolkien’s texts and his fantasy world are constructed. I would love to have been able to say more than what is in the readily available abstract (see the linked site above), and the full dissertation can indeed be downloaded from this site, but my time has not allowed me to go through the dissertation yet.

by Jenny Dolfen
Robin Anne Reid, Wednesday, 4 November 2015, ‘Praising or Burying Tolkien
Reacting to the on-line publication of an essay by Ursula K. Le Guin (given as a talk in 2000), Robin Reid takes a look at the positive aspect of the critical (in the broad sense) treatment of Tolkien in particular and science fiction and fantasy in general. Both views are, in a sense, true, and neither aspect can be ignored in any attempt at a balanced treatment of the history of the critical and academic treatment. Make sure to also read the comments, which are unusually good.

Karl E.H. Seigfried, Friday, 6 November 2015, ‘The Battle of Maldon
A translation of the poem into prose by Karl Seigfried. The poem is the basis for both Tolkien's own alliterative poem, The Homecoming of Beorhtnoth Beorhthelm's Son (which deals with the aftermath of the battle), and for his essay on ofermod. Having a modern translation and explanation readily available may be a good companion to the explanation available in e.g. Tree and Leaf.

David Bratman, Saturday, 7 November 2015, ‘Report from Gondolin
Bratman explains about a theory on the history of arts, a theory which he calls ‘the hidden city’. This post appears to be, at least in part, a reaction to the post by Robin Reid referenced above, with Bratman attempting a more balanced view.

Daniel Helen, The Tolkien Society, Tuesday, 10 November 2015, ‘Tolkien's annotated map of Middle-earth transcribed
Following up on last month's news about a copy of the Middle-earth map annotated by both J.R.R. Tolkien and Pauline Baynes for the use of Baynes when she made her own Middle-earth map, here is a high-resolution transcribed version of the map.

by Jenny Dolfen
Norbert Schürer, Los Angeles Review of Books, Friday, 13 November 2015, ‘Tolkien Criticism Today
In this article, Norbert Schürer critiques current Tolkien criticism, claiming that “the field of Tolkien studies is in a sad state.” Having introduced the field as caught between two views of Tolkien (that are presented at somewhat opposing or inconsistent), “the difficult litterateur and the successful populist”, Schürer moves on to more specific criticism through the vehicle of exemplifying his views by exemplifying from seven recent works in the field.
Schürer points out that while “[m]uch criticism features weak, underdeveloped arguments or poor writing,” other work make convincing arguments, but fail in making it clear why the critical analysis is significant – it fails to enhance our understanding of Tolkien and / or his work (Schürer mentions Tolkien's work, the addition of the author himself is mine). Schürer also points out some of the areas of Tolkien studies, such as e.g. comparison and influence studies, as having traps that many scholars fall into, making it necessary to be extra aware when working in these areas. But it is not all bad; besides the greats (both in terms of individual scholars and publications such as Mythlore and Tolkien Studies), Schürer also finds much to commend in some of the recent work, most significantly in Lee's (ed.) Companion to J.R.R. Tolkien and in parts of Tolkien: The Forest and the City (Conrad-O'Briain & Hynes, eds.), which, in Schürer's mind may indicate a future of Tolkien studies that is “not entirely bleak.”
Naturally, Schürer's critical review has caused some consternation in Tolkienian circles, but without committing to a view of Tolkien studies as a whole, I have to agree with much of the criticism Schürer offers – we do see far too much criticism that is weak and undedeveloped; or doesn't enhance our understanding (or appreciation) of Tolkien or his work; or tries to monopolise Tolkien for a specific cause; or merely tries to use Tolkien to preach to the choir. I would also agree with Schürer that these problems are particularly prominent within the areas that he identifies. Part of the problem may also be that the field is not just an academic field – amateurs (including myself!) contribute to the body of Tolkien studies, and while some of this is on par with the best of academic work (I need only mention the likes of Christina Scull and Wayne G. Hammond), most is not. This sets up a situation where the larger field is bottom-heavy in terms of quality, which may influence also the academic sub-set of the field.
See also Luke Baugher, Tom Hillman & Dominic J. Nardi, Jr., Mythgard Institute, Wednesday, 18 November 2015, ‘Tolkien Criticism Unbound: A response to Norbert Schürer
Unfortunately this response in itself demonstrates some of the problems that Schürer points out simply by missing the point. This does not necessarily mean that the points the authors raise are false, but they do not address the criticism that Schürer raises.


Sarah Galo, The Guardian, Monday, 9 November 2015, ‘Margaret Atwood: 'In Tolkien, there are hardly any women at all'
A pity, really, that a few brief lines should be elevated to the headline of an interview that is really about Atwood's own authorship. I do wonder which two of the female characters of The Lord of the Rings Atwood remembers – there are quite a few more than the two she remembers (besides Shelob). I have speculated about the conundrum of Tolkien's female characters; while commenters very often exaggerate (like Atwood), the gender imbalance is real (just see the statistics page at Emil Johansson's LotR Project site), and it seems to me that Tolkien often either idealises or trivialises his female characters, whereas the male characters (possibly because there are so many more of them) also get to show a more realistic kind of heroism.

Michael Martinez, Thursday, 26 November 2015, ‘Taboo Tolkien: The Nordicist Claim on Middle-earth Refuted
Concerning Hobbits
by Joe Gilronan
In his update to this post, Martinez makes the purpose of the post very clear: “to produce an article that would rank highly in search results for queries about Tolkien and Nordicism.” This purpose has been achieved – at the moment of writing (2015-12-13) the post at the top of the search results on Google and third on Yahoo and Bing. The post also puts a selection of Tolkien's actual words in a top-ranking search results, which is a good thing. It is a pity that this seems to have been achieved at the cost of a coherent and well-developed argument (he acknowledges himself that it is digressive), but such may be the needs of search-engine optimisation, of which Martinez is certainly an expert.

Anna Smol, Friday, 27 November 2015, ‘Tolkien's nod to the medieval homage ritual in LotR
Anna Smol wanted to post some of the images, she had used for her paper at the Tolkien 2005 conference, not least in relation to the current sale of the proceedings (see below). Smol of course also takes the opportunity to say a bit more about the topic, and to expand on parts of the imagery, invoking a medieval homage ritual.

Reviews and Book News

Shaun Gunner, The Tolkien Society, Monday, 2 November 2015, ‘Now available for £10: Celebrating 50 years of The Lord of the Rings
The proceedings from the 2005 conference, The Ring Goes Ever On is now being sold for only £10 from the Tolkien Society. In addition to the many excellent papers by respected scholars, one of the great things about such proceedings as these is that they bring together a large variety of approaches and perspectives on Tolkien and his work. This is well worth the price – including overseas postage!
See also Francesca Barbini, Sci-fi & Fantasy Network, Tuesday, 3 November 2015, ‘Tolkien 2005: The Ring Goes Ever On
Anna Smol, Sunday, 8 November 2015, ‘Tolkien 2005 Proceedings on sale

Jason Fisher, Wednesday, 4 November 2015, ‘A new review of my book — from a surprising reviewer!
Jason Fisher's book (as editor), Tolkien and the Study of His Sources, has been reviewed in The Journal of Inklings Studies (Vol. 5, No. 2, October 2015). What Fisher finds surprising is a combination of a very well-written review and it being written by an unknown undergraduate. Like Fisher, I will look forward to, hopefully, seeing more work in and on Tolkien studies from Faith Liu.

Samwise the Gardner
by Joe Gilronan
John D. Rateliff, Journal of Tolkien Research, Saturday, 7 November 2015, ‘The Hobbit Party (2014) by Jonathan Witt and Jay W. Richards
Regular readers will know that I have discussed this book previously – not because I have read the book, but because I have read what the authors have written on-line, describing their work and conclusions. Based on this, I have not been kind, but have accused the authors of trying to press-gang Tolkien into supporting their own political agenda. Having said this (perhaps even repeated it too often), I admit that I am thankful to see that conclusion shared by John Rateliff in this review of the actual book. He does find som small lights in the darkness (my phrase), but these seem unrelated to the points the authors wish to make. This is not Tolkien research, or Tolkien studies, or Tolkien scholarship of any kind – this is mere political propaganda attempting to hijack Tolkien (again, this is my phrasing, not Rateliff's).

Anna Smol, Wednesday, 11 November 2015, ‘Approaches to Teaching Tolkien's LotR has arrived (for real this time)
On the arrival of the book, Approaches to Teaching Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings and other works edited by Leslie Donovan. Smol has an essay in part two of the book, but she also provides an overview of the contents as well as scans of the full table of contents. Very interesting book!

John Houghton, Journal of Tolkien Research, Friday, 13 November 2015, ‘Tolkien's Intellectual Landscape (2015) by E.L. Risden
Another excellent review in the open, on-line Journal of Tolkien Research
. This time John Houghton has reviewed the recent Tolkien's Intellectual Landscape by E.L. Risden. Despite a few weaknesses, Houghton finds the book “easy to commend” and is “glad to own” it. An excellent review, and certainly one that puts the book on to my wish list.

by Jenny Dolfen
Daniel Helen, Friday, 13 November 2015, ‘Volume 5 of Journal of Inklings Studies published
Announcing volume 5 of the journal and listing the contents, while noting pieces with a direct relation to Tolkien. The latter category includes works by Nelson Goering (on the metre of three of Tolkien's alliterative poems) and William Simpson (on Saruman's science), and the review by Faith Liu of Tolkien and the Study of His Sources mentioned by Jason Fisher (see above).

Wayne Hammond, Sunday, 15 November 2015, ‘Oxford Companion to Children's Literature
Wayne Hammond reviews the new edition of The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature. In addition to more general comments (and citing other reviews), Hammond comments more extensively on the entries on Pauline Baynes, Arthur Ransome, and J.R.R. Tolkien, all of whom Hammond is an expert on., Sunday, 15 November 2015, ‘Why Tolkien's Beowulf is an ‘amazing book but a terrible translation’
Reporting, quoting, and paraphrasing the current Rawlinson and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon, Andy Orchard, this article summarises from a talk Orchard gave in Toronto on ‘Tolkien’s Beowulf and Lessons from History’ where Orchard called Tolkien's prose Beowulf, which was published last year, ‘a horrible, horrible, horrible translation’, while insisting also that the notes published alongside Tolkien's translation are ‘brilliant’.


Nellas is Brought Before Thingol
by Jenny Dolfen
Patrick Curry, Journal of Tolkien Research, Wednesday, 4 November 2015, ‘Patrick Curry interview with Tom Shippey

Lauren Sarner, Inverse, Tuesday, 24 November 2015, ‘Jane Johnson, publisher of Tolkien and George R.R. Martin
Jane Johnsen has, among many other things, been at George Allen & Unwin Publishers, where she became the editor with special responsibility for the Tolkien list. In this interview, she describes her career, including a number of experiences with more or less direct relations to Tolkien.

Tolkienian Artwork

Joe Gilronan, Monday, 2 November 2015, ‘Goodbye Gandalf
This must surely be Bilbo leaving Bag End and saying goodbye to the old wizard.

Joe Gilronan, Tuesday, 10 November 2015, ‘The Road to Bree
I rather like the mixture of the familiar Shire-holes with something else in this picture, though I am not entirely sure what Middle-earth location it is supposed to depict ... presumably somewhere in Bree-land.

Ted Nasmith, Tuesday, 10 November 2015, ‘Autrou and the Woods Witch
And illustration of a scene from Tolkien's Lay of Aotrou and Itroun. It is absolutely wonderful to see illustrations of more of Tolkien's non-Middle-earth works. Thank you, Ted Nasmith, for this!
for this, Itroun Waits in Vain
And for this, still from the same day: Aotrou Pursues the White Deer

Joe Gilronan, Monday, 23 November 2015, ‘Concerning Hobbits

Old Tom Bombadil
Had a Merry Wedding

by Jenny Dolfen
Joe Gilronan, Tuesday, 24 November 2015, ‘A Visit From Gandalf
Gandalf and Bilbo in the Shire.

Tomás Hijo, Tuesday, 24 November 2015, ‘‘The Battle of the Pelennor Fields’ is ready
The large printing of Tomás Hijo's Battle of the Pelennor Fields is now available ... it certainly looks a wonderful piece of Tolkienian art!

Joe Gilronan, Tuesday, 24 November 2015, ‘Hobbiton
“The Shire looking toward Bag End”

Other Stuff

Dimitra Fimi, Sunday, 29 November 2015, ‘Recent Tolkien events and publications – Autumn 2015
This post by Dimitra Fimi is so crammed full of all kinds of good stuff that I couldn't decide where to put it, and therefore it has ended up here. The post summarises Fimi's own recent activities as well as the more significant events in academic Tolkien studies in the autumn of 2015 – conferences, papers, books, articles and more. A must read summary!

Rewarding Discussions

LotR Plaza, ‘Tolkien and the Myth of Britain
Some interesting bits about the sense of identity and place in Tolkien's work with particular emphasis on the idea of Britain.

rec.arts.books.tolkien, , ‘Tolkien and Romance
A discussion about how to understand The Lord of the Rings (yes, again :-) )

Web Sites

Wheaton College, Tolkien Database
This has, of course, been around for a while, but I wanted to recall it to everyone as it is a most excellent resource for searching for papers on Tolkienian matters.
by Joe Gilronan

The Blog Roll

These are blogs you really should be following yourself if you're interested in Tolkien ...
Contents from these blogs will only be reported here if there is something that I find particularly interesting, or posts that fit with a monthly theme. However, you will find below links to monthly archives of posts for months where the blog has featured interesting posts with at least some Tolkien connection. In some cases you may find a headline for a post, if I wish to recommend it particularly.

Christina Scull and Wayne G. Hammond, ‘Too Many Books and Never Enough
Archive of posts from November 2015

Dimitra Fimi, ‘Dr. Dimitra Fimi
Archive of posts from November 2015

Jason Fisher, ‘Lingwë -- Musings of a Fish
Archive of posts from November 2015

John D. Rateliff -- ‘Sacnoth's Scriptorium
Archive of posts from November 2015

David Bratman, ‘Kalimac's Journal
Archive of posts from November 2015

Jenny Dolfen, ‘Jenny's Sketchbook
Archive of posts from November 2015

Anna Smol, ‘A Single Leaf
Archive of posts from November 2015

Various (Bradford Eden, ed.) Journal of Tolkien Research (JTR)
Archive of contributions for the on-going volume 2, issue 1

Various, The Tolkien Society (TS)
Archive of posts from November 2015

Southfarthing Mathom
Archive of posts from November 2015

Michael Martinez, ‘Middle-earth
Archive of posts from November 2015

by Jenny Dolfen

Grey Havens Group, ‘The Grey Havens Group
Archive of posts from November 2015

Bruce Charlton, ‘Tolkien's The Notion Club Papers
Archive of posts from November 2015

Various, ‘Middle-earth News
Archive of posts from November 2015


New sources in November 2015

For older sources, see

1 comment:

  1. Lots of very good inforamtion about current books, topics, news and events! I will surely be visiting this site more often for the amazing content!


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