Wednesday 19 October 2016

On Beren and Lúthien

I am sure that you have all heard that there will be a new book out in May next year, Beren and Lúthien will be published in 4 May, within weeks of the centenary of the event where young Edith danced for John Ronald near Roos in the spring of 1917 (see e.g. Michael Flowers' excellent analysis, ‘A Hemlock by any other name…’).  Personally, I am already thinking of this book as ‘the Centenary Edition’.

Not much is known at this point, and Wayne Hammond and Christina Scull, unsurprisingly, collect the known facts in their blog post on the new book.  John Garth has also produced an excellent blog post on the book, summarising, inter alia, what material Christopher Tolkien is likely to draw from.

When you've read these two blog posts, you probably will not need to read the rest of mine (except, perhaps, to be nice to me :-) ).

The book will start with the story in ‘its original form’, which Hammond & Scull presume will be the version published in The Book of Lost Tales 2 (though I will retain some small hope that it has proven possible to reconstruct some of the deleted pencil version under the published ink-version ...).

Then we will get ‘passages in prose and verse from later texts that illustrate the narrative as it changed.’ I assume – and very much hope – that this will be commented, and that Christopher Tolkien will take the opportunity to take a more ‘longitudinal’ view on the story, rather than the more ‘transversal’ view employed in The History of Middle-earth. By this, I mean the emphasis on the individual story and its evolution, contextualising the story amid earlier and later versions rather than amid the stage in the evolution of the legendarium to which it belongs.

Such an approach could possibly belong in the same scholarly tradition as Gergely Nagy's paper ‘The great chain of reading: (Inter-)textual relations and the technique of mythopoesis in the Túrin story’ in Jane Chance's (ed) Tolkien the Medievalist (Routledge 2003). Not (at least I would consider that quite unlikely) in the research points being made in the paper, but in the study of the variations of a single of the great stories.

And that is about it – nothing little more is known, really, though at least a little more may be said.

First, this book will not be anything like The Children of Húrin. I have seen a number of comments suggesting that some readers think that they will get something of that sort, but I am afraid that these are going to be disappointed. It seems likely that the book will be more accessible to the non-academic reader than The History of Middle-earth, but it will not be a self-contained narrative other than the promised full text of the original version, and personally I would be rather disappointed, if it is not accompanied by some notes and commentary by Christopher Tolkien on the evolution of the story.

Changes in style, form, and even changes in plot, show-case Tolkien's own changing ideas and opinions on literary aesthetics, ethics, etc., and these deserve to be contextualised by the person who is best able to do so. Here I am reminded of some Carl Hostetter's points in his paper, ‘Elvish as She is Spoke’, and I believe that just as Tolkien's changing linguistic ideas and tastes are reflected in the evolution of his invented languages, so are his changing literary ideas and tastes (among other things) reflected in the evolution of the great stories.

Whether there will be any new material seems at this point doubtful, but I will not give up hope entirely until I have the book in hand. John Garth has some intriguing speculations, and I would like nothing better than for this to be the case, but I have to admit that I doubt it, as news outlets claim that the texts for this book have been extracted from The History of Middle-earth to be presented in this new context, and they quote the HarperCollins press release as saying that the stories are here ‘presented together for the first time’.

Another possible source for new material might be in relation to the more personal aspect – for instance quotations from Tolkien's diaries from 1917, or from letters to his children about the 1917 incident or about the personal significance of the story. Such things would also be a dream come true.

Update 1 (2016-10-20):
The description at the HarperCollins product page (see below), is somewhat confusing. The description first mentions something “Painstakingly restored from Tolkien’s manuscripts and presented for the first time as a fully continuous and standalone story”, and later has the description of first presenting the story in “its original form” before moving on to present “passages in prose and verse from later texts that illustrate the narrative as it changed.” These two descriptions seem to me oddly inconsistent – certainly if the idea of the ‘original form’, as suggested by Wayne Hammond and Christina Scull, refers to the version given in The Book of Lost Tales 2.

Discussing this on Facebook, John Garth has suggested that he feels “all the more strongly that something derived from the texts behind the 1937 "Quenta Silmarillion" offers the best fit for the description – an "epic tale of Beren and Lúthien" that has been "painstakingly restored from Tolkien’s manuscripts and presented for the first time as a fully continuous and standalone story". And that does sound rather like Christopher's method in "The Children of Húrin", doesn't it?”

This seems a good guess, and it certainly fits the descriptions better than reproducing the Tale of Tinúviel from The Book of Lost Tales 2, though it would require a rather special interpretation of the word ‘original’ as used in the description. This would of course also make the connection to the centenary of the original event somewhat more tenuous (which I think would be a great shame), and, as John Garth also points out, it would make the choice of ‘passages in prose and verse from later texts’ rather less impressive, as the later texts will then be rather fewer (and with less significant changes).

I cannot help but hope for something less akin to the method from The Children of Húrin, as I find the story of Beren and Lúthien (or the Lay of Leithian) to be rather less suited for this treatment. Even if constrained to texts belonging to the creative period that brought us the 1937 ‘Quenta Silmarillion’, this approach will require a degree of conflation and homogenisation that is not, in my opinion, beneficial for our understanding of Tolkien and his own relationship with his mythology.

Instead, I will – at least for a while longer – keep hoping for a book where the central focus is on the earliest surviving version (the ‘original form’, in my eyes), and then highlighting and describing the author's changing literary thoughts, tastes and ideas through commented samples from the many later versions of the story.  Regardless of any new material, that will still be a book, I would be very eager to include in my collection.

Links to articles — not an exhaustive list! (updated):
The really good ones:
Beren and Lúthien’, Wayne G. Hammond and Christina Scull, blog post, 2016-10-19
Beren and Lúthien, a centenary publication’, John Garth, blog post, 2016-10-19 (updated 2016-10-20)
Beren and Lúthien: Five Questions’, Nelson Goering, The LotR Plaza, 2016-10-20

The official ones:
Beren and Lúthien’, HarperCollins product page
Return to Middle-Earth for Houghton Mifflin Harcourt’, press release, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2016-10-19

The first:
New Tolkien tale to come from HC in 2017’, The Bookseller (staff), 2016-10-18

Alison Flood in The Guardian has a long history of well-informed reporting on Tolkien matters:
JRR Tolkien's Middle-earth love story to be published next year’, Alison Flood, The Guardian, 2016-10-19

The Tolkien Society
New Tolkien book: Beren and Lúthien’, Daniel Helen, The Tolkien Society, 2016-10-19

Some small subset of the rest ....
Wednesday, 19th October 2016
J.R.R. Tolkien's Beren and Lúthien to be published in 2017’, Christian Holub, Entertainment Weekly
New JRR Tolkien book Beren and Lúthien to be published in 2017’, Tristram Fane Saunders, The Telegraph
New Tolkien Book Will Tell The Sweetest, Most Middle Earth Love Story Of All Time’, Claire Fallon, Huffington Post
J.R.R. Tolkien’s Beren and Lúthien Will be Published in 2017’, Stubby the Rocket,
J.R.R. Tolkien's Story, ‘Beren and Lúthien,’ Will Be Published a Century After It Was Written’, Jennifer Maloney, Wall Street Journal (blog)

Thursday, 20th October 2016
HarperCollins is Publishing J.R.R. Tolkien’s Beren and Lu´thien, 100 Years After It Was Written’, Maddy Myers, The Mary Sue
New J.R.R. Tolkien book coming in 2017’, Sunday Times
New J.R.R. Tolkien book, 'Beren and Luthien,' to be published in 2017’, Sarah Mulé, UPI
New Tolkien book announced: Middle-earth love story to be published in 2017’, George Simpson, Express
New edition of Tolkien’s Luthien and Beren coming May 2017’ [sic], ‘Greendragon’,
J.R.R. Tolkien's Stories of Beren and Lúthien’, Séamas Ó Sionnaigh, An Sionnach Fionn
One of J.R.R. Tolkien's oldest stories is being published as a standalone novel’, Andre Liptak, The Verge

Friday, 21st October 2016
Stop what you're doing and weep with joy, new Tolkien book is coming’, Lindsay Davis, Mashable
New romance from J.R.R. Tolkien is coming next year’, Dennis DiClaudio, A.V. Club

Saturday, 22nd October 2016
Lord of the Rings Spinoff Beren and Lúthien to be Published in 2017’, Alex Osborn, IGN

New J.R.R. Tolkien book to be published 100 years after it was written’, Kazakh TV, 2016-10-24
We're Set to Get a New Tolkien Book in 2017’, Carli Velocci,, 2016-10-25
Tolkien's Lost Book Is Vital to the History of Middle-Earth’, Caitlin Busch, Inverse, 2016-10-27

Thursday 6 October 2016

Tolkien Transactions LXXIII

September 2016

I begin to feel that I am copying Tolkien with my perpetual excuses about time – having too much to do and too little time to do it. But a lack of time (or, rather, an excess of things to do) is nonetheless a very real part of my life, so my usual disclaimers apply about newness, completeness and relevance (or any other implication of responsibility) are as pertinent as ever (all errors, omissions, inaccuracies etc. are of course my own). One way that I indent to deal with this is to leave more entries uncommented, and merely trust that you can judge the merits for yourselves :-)

In September, I was off to Oxonmoot with my daughter, and we had a wonderful time! I do intend to write up some kind of report (I had hoped to have it done by now, but ...) to appear at a later time. Though I am very fond of Frodo, Merry and Pippin, I am somewhat more restrained in my enthusiasm for Hobbits in general, and I the September celebration of hobbit characters is the one Tolkienian event that I don't really care about, but it's good and fine that many enjoy it. October is the month of my own birthday (towards the end of the month), and I am getting to the age of adventure (at least according to Tolkien), so if my blogging suddenly stops within the next year, don't be too alarmed: I may just be off on an adventure and return after a year or two to settle down again.

These transactions are posted on my blog, Parma-kenta (Enquiry into the books) and on the Tolkien Society web-site.

This month it has suited my purposes to sort the contents under the following headlines:
1: News
2: Events
3: Essays and Scholarship
4: Commentary
5: Reviews and Book News
6: Tolkienian Artwork
7: Story Internal (Ardalogy)
8: Other Stuff
9: Rewarding Discussions
10: In Print
11: Web Sites
12: The Blog Roll
13: Sources

Starlight Shire
by Joe Gilronan


Swissinfo, Monday, 5 September 2016, ‘Cashing in on Tolkien's Switzerland

Elena Koshy, New Straits Times, Saturday, 17 September 2016, ‘World commemorates death anniversary of Lord of the Writers, JRR Tolkien

Clayton Utz, Lexology, Monday, 19 September 2016, ‘One infringement to rule them all: Federal Court finds jewellery infringes copyright in Lord of the Rings
All thoughts of law and justice aside, I cannot help but find it oddly appropriate to rid this world of a few more copies of a symbol of the uttermost evil – symbolic of the desire for power over others, for power to make others into will-less slaves ...

Arwen Kester, Wednesday, 21 September 2016, ‘Happy Hobbit Day!
See also
Amy Sturgis, Thursday, 22 September 2016, ‘Long live the Halflings!
Marcel Aubron-Bülles, Thursday, 22 September 2016, ‘Happy Birthday, Bilbo and Frodo Baggins
Well, yeah, happy birthday, Bagginses!
Alya Rehman, USC News, Thursday, 22 September 2016, ‘Happy birthday to J. R. R. Tolkien's Bilbo and Frodo
Jeffrey R. Hawboldt, Thursday, 22 September 2016, ‘Happy Hobbit Day!

Bonnie North, WUWM, Monday, 26 September 2016, ‘Milwaukee Documentarian Explores True 'Myth' in 'Tolkien & Lewis'


Reports & comments on past events
5–8 August 2016, San Antonio, Texas, US, ‘Mythcon 47’, The Mythopoeic Society. The 2016 theme is ‘Faces of Mythology: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern’

3–4 September 2016, Sarehole Mill, UK, ‘Middle-earth Festival
Daniel Helen, The Tolkien Society, Friday, 2 September 2016, ‘Middle-earth Festival returns to Sarehole Mill this weekend
Graham Young, Birmingham Mail, Sunday, 4 September 2016, ‘Watch how Tolkien inspired Middle Earth Festival is fun for all the family – whatever the weather

8–11 September 2016, Saint Anthony's, Oxford, ‘Oxonmoot 2016’, The Tolkien Society
Andrew Wells, Sunday, 11 September 2016, ‘Three good things: Sunday’ ('twas good to see you, too!)

24–25 September 2016, Newcastle Castle, ‘Tolkien Weekend 2016’, Time and Tide Events
Francesca Barbini, SciFiFantasy Network, Tuesday, 20 September 2016, ‘Tolkien Weekend 2016
Francesca T. Barbini, SciFiFantasy Network, Saturday, 24 September 2016, ‘“Illuminating Tolkien” Exhibition’ – I think it was a good thing for our savings-account that I was unable to go to Newcastle ...

Info on upcoming & on-going events (as of 1 September)
26 April 2016 – 27 February 2017, Various, Staffordshire, ‘Exhibition: J.R.R. Tolkien in Staffordshire 1915 – 1918’, The Haywood Society
Express and Star, Thursday, 29 September 2016, ‘JRR Tolkien display on show

5 November 2016, Oxford, ‘Not Oxonmoot-moot’, The Tolkien Society

11 November 2016, Liverpool Hope University, ‘Tolkien Day 2016’, Liverpool Hope University

3 January 2017, World-wide, ‘Tolkien Birthday Toast 2017’, The Tolkien Society

16–18 June 2017, Waddow Hall, Clitheroe, Lancashire, ‘The Middle-earth Beer & Music Festival’, The Ale House Clitheroe

Essays and Scholarship

by Jenny Dolfen
Yes, I discovered that I had forgotten the papers uploaded to in August. Please note that one does need to have an account and to sign in for downloading the papers at this site. The papers listed below are only a subset of the papers reported to the “J.R.R. Tolkien” research interest, others being excluded e.g. for being in languages I don't speak, or for just making an abstract available.

Rolf Bremmer,, Upload date unknown, ‘Across Borders: Anglo-Saxon England and the Germanic World
Bremmer, Rolf Jr. ‘Across Borders: Anglo-Saxon England and the Germanic World’ in The Cambridge History of Early Medieval English Literature, ed. Clare A. Lees (Cambridge: CUP, 2012), pp. 185-208

Nataša Tučev,, Upload date unknown, ‘The Knife, the Sting and the Tooth: Manifestations of Shadow in The Lord of the Rings
Tučev, Nataša. ‘The Knife, the Sting and the Tooth: Manifestations of Shadow in The Lord of the Rings’ in Linguistics and Literature Vol. 3, No 1, 2004, pp. 111 - 121

Janet Brennan Croft,, Sunday, 7 August 2016, ‘Doors Into Elf Mounds
Slide show on “J.R.R. Tolkien’s Introductions, Prefaces, and Forewords”

Janet Brennan Croft,, Friday, 12 August 2016, ‘"Perilous and Fair, Ancient and Modern, Luminous and Powerful" : Critical Directions for the Study of Tolkien's Women in the 21st Century
An author talk given at Rutgers University on 27 July, based on the introduction (co-written with Leslie Donovan) to the book Perilous and Fair: Women in the Life and Works of JRR Tolkien.

Journal of Tolkien Research, vol. 3, issue 3, Thursday, 1 September 2016, ‘Authorizing Tolkien: Control, Adaptation, and Dissemination of J.R.R. Tolkien's Works
The peer-reviewed articles of issue 3 (vol. 3) of the Journal of Tolkien Research have a theme introduced by Robin A. Reid and Michael D. Elam. I have to admit that though I do consider the study of ‘fan’ activities a relevant area of academic research, I have never found that it relates very well to the research on the specific franchise. In other words, I have skipped these articles as not telling us anything worth-while about Tolkien or his works. Others will certainly disagree, and I'll welcome comments about what this may tell us about Tolkien and / or his works, but given my lack of interest, I don't have the time to engage with these articles myself.

Annalisa Palmer, Friday, 9 September 2016, ‘Tolkien and Fairy-Story
An interesting commentary on Faërie in The Lord of the Rings. Though I do not agree with everything, and have found a couple of mistakes, I found it a good and interesting post.

Donald E. Warden,, Friday, 9 September 2016, ‘The Extent of Indigenous-Norse Contact and Trade Prior to Columbus
Merely because I think the topic and the developments in recent years would have interested Tolkien.

Annalisa Palmer, Sunday, 18 September 2016, ‘Hobbits and Heroes
An excellent look at the Four Travellers as modern heroes (many will probably have realised that I do not much admire Samwise ‘Halfwit’ Gamgee, but perhaps especially therefore it is good to read analyses that value him more than I do myself).

Nelson Goering, Journal of Tolkien Research, Friday, 23 September 2016, ‘Tolkien and Sanskrit (2016) by Mark T. Hooker
A very excellent review (and discussion) by Nelson Goering of Mark Hooker's book, Tolkien and Sanskrit.

Tom Hillman, Monday, 26 September 2016, ‘These Are Not The Elves You're Looking For. (I)
Fascinating! I certainly look forward to seeing the next steps.

Edmund Weiner, Tuesday, 27 September 2016, ‘Devilry in the Lord of the Rings
On Tolkien's use of the word devilry in The Lord of the Rings.


The King of the Golden Hall
by Peter Xavier Price
Matthew Walter, The Federalist, Friday, 26 August 2016, ‘Tolkien Influenced Rock More Than The Velvet Underground Did
Though I do, of course, sympathise with the idea that Tolkien's influence is staggering and reaches unexpected areas, this article, however, leaves me unconvinced. While it is true that Tolkien did become an exponent for, and to some extent shaped, the rise of fantasy and medievalism, these themes would, in my considered opinion, have emerged also without Tolkien, and in forms only slightly different from what we saw. The world was ready for these (as it is still), and if not Tolkien, then some other authors would have been its exponents (there were precursors to Tolkien, just as there were both contemporary and later authors who were uninfluenced by him). However, while I think the article exaggerates Tolkien's thematic influence, the listing of his more direct influence is still impressive.

James, Friday, 16 September 2016, ‘Northern Courage, Ofermōde and Thorin Oakenshield's last stand
While I can see the temptation, I think it is a misunderstanding to see Thorin's attack in the Battle of Five Armies as an example of ofermod (modern Danish, overmod) – certainly in Tolkien's interpretation of the word.

Tom Hilmann, Thursday, 22 September 2016, ‘In Dwimordene, In Lórien (TT
On the word Dwimordene.

Brandon TheGrey, Friday, 23 September 2016, ‘A Hobbit on the Western Front: JRR Tolkien's First World War
A rather short (as it must be for a blog post), but seemingly reasonably accurate (I haven't had time to read it in detail) summary based, of course, on John Garth's brilliant Tolkien and the Great War. Perhaps a post for those who haven't read Garth's book and wish a taste of what it may reveal.

Rostislav Kurka, SciFiFantasy Network, Friday, 23 September 2016, ‘The Temptation of Power, Bombadil, and the Bendu
Curious – in many ways it is more about Star Wars than about Tolkien, but the parallels are striking and well-made.

Dennis Wise, Saturday, 24 September 2016, ‘Tolkien and Sidney on Rhetoric?
A reference to and a very short discussion of an article by Tanya Caroline Wood in Tolkien and His Literary Resonances.

Lynn Forest-Hill, Southfarthing Mathom, Tuesday, 27 September 2016, ‘September
Now on book V, discussing ‘The Muster of Rohan’ and ‘The Siege of Gondor’.

Reviews and Book News

Lee WL, Tuesday, 6 September 2016, ‘Roverandom

Jeffrey R. Hawboldt, Wednesday, 7 September 2016, ‘"The Lay of Aortrou and Itroun" Full Details’ [Sic]
Some details on the forthcoming edition of The Lay of Aotrou and Itroun (edited by Verlyn Flieger), including the publisher's blurp. The blurpish insistence on creating specific links to Tolkien's Middle-earth legendarium is perhaps regrettable as the book will surely sell well enough without such claims (I will, in any case, be sure to get one).

Lee WL, Sunday, 18 September 2016, ‘Smith of Wootton Major

Kitty, SciFiFantasy Network, Monday, 19 September 2016, ‘On Eagles' Wings – Thayer on Tolkien
An interview with Anna Thayer, in particular about her book On Eagles' Wings: An exploration of Eucatastrophe in Tolkien.

Brenton Dickieson, Wednesday, 28 August 2016, ‘Bandersnatch and Creative Collaboration by Diana Pavlac Glyer
A self-proclaimed “glowing review” of Diana Pavlac Glyer's Bandersnatch by a “fan of Glyer’s work”

Tolkienian Artwork

Maria Tsianti, DeviantArt, Monday, 5 September 2016, ‘Smaug the Stupendous

The Great Goblin
by Tomás Hijo
Elena Kukanova, DeviantArt, Thursday, 8 September 2016, ‘Haleth – sketch
I like this :-)

Elena Kukanova, DeviantArt, Thursday, 8 September 2016, ‘Maglor
I think this must be a portrait of Maglor after he and Maedhros had realised that they had forfeited all claim to the Silmarils … singing in pain and regret.

Tomás Hijo, Friday, 16 September 2016, ‘The Great Goblin

Peter Xavier Price, DeviantArt, Sunday, 18 September 2016, ‘The King of the Golden Hall

James Turner Mohan, Sunday, 18 September 2016, ‘The First Men
In the style of concept sketches for the three tribes and some of their artifacts ...

Elena Kukanova, DeviantArt, Friday, 23 September 2016, ‘Caranthir – sketch

Joe Gilronan, Monday, 26 September 2016, ‘Starlight Shire

Miruna Lavinia, DeviantArt, Monday, 26 September 2016, ‘Emyn Muil
An unusual topic, but quite nicely done!

Story Internal (Ardalogy)

Tom Hillman, Thursday, 25 August 2016, ‘The Last Temptation of Galadriel -- Catechism, Gospel, and Fairy-story in 'The Mirror of Galadriel'
A discussion placed in that intersection of story-internal and story-external concerns; where you need to draw on story-external knowledge in order to understand and contextualise what his going on within the story. I do tend to like these discussions on the marches of Faërie ...

Jeff LaSala,, Wednesday, 14 September 2016, ‘Lúthien: Tolkien's Badass Elf Princess
A retelling of the story of Lúthien and Beren in a modern (and, I would say, simpler) vernacular and with comments by the reteller.

Other Stuff

Séamas Ó Sionnaigh, Monday, 5 September 2016, ‘Imaginary Maps in Fantasy Fiction
A summary of a series of articles by the Library of Congress titled Imaginary Maps in Literature and Beyond. It should be fairly easy to find the specific article dealing primarily with Tolkien, but the whole topic is of course relevant, and later authors in the fantasy genre have had to at least consider his statement that “I wisely started with a map, and made the story fit (generally with meticulous care for distances).” (Letter to Naomi Mitchison).

Marcel Aubron-Bülles, Saturday, 10 September 2016, ‘Why J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis would never have been friends in the age of Facebook, Twitter and Whatsapp
There's a Danish expression that applies in situations such as this, and which translates to ‘Well roared, lion!’ It needed to be said, it is well said and to the point – thank you, Marcel!

Myla Malinalda, Middle-earth News, Friday, 16 September 2016, ‘TOLKIEN: The Musical

Rewarding Discussions

LotR Plaza, ‘A Secret Vice
I which I managed go get myself entangled in a discussion with a philologist on the likelihood of Tolkien having invented Fonwegian (one would think I had somewhere managed to get to know better, but alas …)

LotR Plaza, ‘Goldberry and the water lillies
Worth browsing even if only to go watch the video that user ‘Dorwiniondil’ links to on 29 September …

In Print

Once more I have not had time yet to read what I have received (the latest issue of Beyond Bree). In my (upcoming) Oxonmoot report, I will write about the treasures that my daughter and I brought back from Oxford.

Web Sites

Stephen Walsh – Fantasy Artist
I saw his pencil Éowyn at Oxonmoot and was impressed, and many of his other Tolkienian works are also excellent.

Annalisa Palmer
A relatively new (August 2016) blog with Tolkienian contents.

Lee LW, ‘Tolkien Read Through
Lee LW blogs as he works his way through the Tolkien's works.

The Blog Roll

These are blogs you really should be following yourself if you're interested in Tolkien ...
Contents from these blogs will only be reported here if there is something that I find particularly interesting, or posts that fit with a monthly theme. However, you will find below links to monthly archives of posts for months where the blog has featured interesting posts with at least some Tolkien connection. In some cases you may find a headline for a post, if I wish to recommend it particularly.

More of Me
by Jenny Dolfen
Dimitra Fimi, ‘Dr. Dimitra Fimi
Archive of posts from September 2016

John D. Rateliff -- ‘Sacnoth's Scriptorium
Archive of posts from September 2016

Marcel Aubron-Bülles, ‘The Tolkienist
Archive of posts from September 2016

David Bratman, ‘Kalimac's Journal
Archive of posts from September 2016

Edmund Weiner, ‘Philoloblog
Archive of posts from September 2016

Annalisa Palmer, her blog
Archive of posts from September 2016

Various (Bradford Eden, ed.)Journal of Tolkien Research (JTR)
Archive of contributions for the on-going volume 2, issue 1

Various, The Tolkien Society (TS)
Archive of posts from September 2016

Southfarthing Mathom
Archive of posts from September 2016

Sue Bridgwater, ‘Skorn
Archive of posts from September 2016

Tom Hilman, ‘Alas, not me
Archive of posts from September 2016

Bruce Charlton, ‘Tolkien's The Notion Club Papers
Archive of posts from September 2016

Various, ‘Middle-earth News
Archive of posts from September 2016

Jeffrey R. Hawboldt, ‘Expressions of Substance
Archive of posts from September 2016


See section “Websistes” for new sources in September 2016

For older sources, see

Currently reading:
Beowulf: A Translation and Commentary by J.R.R. Tolkien edited by Christopher J.R. Tolkien.
Læringsteorier: Seks Aktuelle Forståelser edited by Knud Illeris